The Role of Multinational Corporations (MNC's) in Developing R&D in Thailand: the Knowledge Flow Between MNC's and University pp171-180
During the last decade, the Thai government has recognized that Thailand needs to move toward an economy not only based on the cheapness of labour but also based on its intellectual capital and innovation capability. Therefore, the country has set up initiatives and specific policy to attract multinational corporations that could contribute to raise the research and development capacity of the country. Several studies have been undertaken to evaluate the role that Multinational corporations could play in knowledge creation, technology diffusion and development of potential R&D within South East Asia. Amongst the several approaches investigating the factors fostering Innovation in developing countries, one strategy would be to strength the Universities‑Industries (UI) relationship. The success and failure of the University‑Industry linkage has been widely discussed, but there is still a need to understand the dimensions impacting on the willingness of multinational corporations to share knowledge with Thai Universities. This paper discusses the balance of factors (industrial characteristics, firm characteristics and business models) that can play a substantial role in enhancing the knowledge sharing mechanisms.
Keywords: knowledge sharing, triple helix, Information communication technology, culture, empirical knowledge sharing investigation
A Qualitative Analysis of Knowledge Transfer in Global Supply Chains: Case of Thai Distributer of Imported Products pp196-206
This paper is the final phase of a larger research project that investigates knowledge transfer in global supply chains from the perspective of South East Asian reseller companies. In a previous study a theoretical model for knowledge transfer in global supply chains was developed and quantitatively validated for the case of Thai resellers of laboratory equipment where equipment resale companies (donors) provide training to their customers (recipients). Results from that previous study indicated that the transfer capability was the most important issue for the donor firms. Furthermore, the most critical factor for the recipient firms was their absorptive capacity in the form of certain capabilities for the successful utilization of the technical knowledge received from the donor firms. By adopting a qualitative sense‑making research approach and a two‑round focus group interview method for data collection and analysis the current study attempts to provide further deeper explanations for the results of previous quantitative survey. Five participants were chosen for two‑round of focus group meetings for this purpose.
Keywords: knowledge transfer, inter-organizational relationship, Thailand, South East Asia, global supply chain
The "triple helix" model is considered as being a spiral model of innovation contributing to the country and regional improvement by fostering interactions between academic, industry and government. This model highlights the ties between the three parties at different stages in the process of knowledge capitalization and flow. Although, this model has proven to be effective in some countries, some questions remain regarding its effective implementation in Thailand. This paper presents an adapted version of the helix model that could contribute to development of ties among stakeholders through strategic alliances. The success key factors leading to an economic development mission by universities are as well discussed.
Keywords: triple helix model, knowledge capitalization, Thailand, research network, innovation, university- industry interaction, framework G-U-I-N