The Electronic Journal of Knowledge Management aims to publish perspectives on topics relevant to the study, implementation and management of knowledge management
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Information about the European Conference on Knowledge Management (ECKM) is available here.

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Information about the European Conference on Intellectual Capital (ECIC) is available here
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Journal Article

Facilitating Organisational Sustainability Through Expert Investment Systems  pp45-54

Carol Royal, Farhad Daneshgar, Loretta O'Donnell

© Nov 2003 Volume 1 Issue 2, Editor: Fergal McGrath, pp1 - 226

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Abstract

This paper uses literature from the fields of organisational sustainability and human capital, which have demonstrated a link between sustainable human capital and the financial performance of the firm, to argue that securities analysts need to be able to systematically analyse human capital in order to provide transparent and well‑informed investment recommendations. It is the function of securities analysts to attempt to predict the future financial performance of firms within an industry sector. Models for this analysis have traditionally been heavily quantitative, relying on mathematical models of future earnings forecasts, based on published annual financial statements from listed companies. Securities analysts' quantitative modeling methods are directly underpinned by qualifications and certification processes that encourage demonstrated skills in quantitative methods. The authors provide an opportunity for securities analysts to systematically gain insights on the human capital of firms using a future expert system, called Human Capital Analyser (HCA), whose general characteristics are also outlined in the conclusion of this article. This expert system will help bridge the knowledge gap in the work of securities analysts.

 

Keywords: knowledge representation human capital analysis expert systems finance industry securities analysts

 

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Journal Article

Intellectual Capital and Value Creation: Evidence from the Por‑tuguese Banking Industry  pp11-20

Maria do Rosário Cabrita, Jorge Landeiro Vaz

© Dec 2005 Volume 4 Issue 1, Editor: Charles Despres, pp1 - 90

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Abstract

Intellectual capital has been described as intangible assets that may be used as a source of sustainable com‑ petitive advantage. However, intellectual capital components have to interact, to create value. Previous studies demon‑ strate that intellectual capital is positively and significantly associated with organizational performance. Our aim is to con‑ solidate these findings, examining the inter‑relationships and the interaction effects among intellectual capital compo‑ nents and organizational performance, in the Portuguese banking context.

 

Keywords: Intellectual capital, human capital, relational capital, structural capital, value creation

 

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Journal Article

Generation of Human and Structural Capital: Lessons from Knowledge Management  pp91-98

Henrik Agndal, Ulf Nilsson

© Apr 2006 Volume 4 Issue 2, ICICKM 2005, Editor: Charles Despres, pp91 - 216

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Abstract

Interorganizational and social relationships can be seen as part of the intellectual capital of a firm. Existing frameworks of intellectual capital, however, fail to address how relationships should be managed to generate more intellectual capital. Drawing on the interaction approach and the fields of intellectual capital and knowledge management, this paper develops a framework for managing relationships. The framework is illustrated with a case study. It is also noted that firms can improve relationship management and thus generate more intellectual capital.

 

Keywords: Intellectual capital, structural capital, human capital, interorganisational relationships, social relationships, relationship transformation

 

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Journal Article

Design of Sustainable Development: Intellectual Value of Large BRIC Companies and Factors of their Growth  pp535-558

Elvina Bayburina, Tatiana Golovko

© Jan 2010 Volume 7 Issue 5, Editor: Kimiz Dalkir, pp535 - 662

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Abstract

Intellectual capital and its components can be regarded as the source for a company's organic growth to maintain sustainable development. Under the crisis conditions most of financial reserves are unavailable; the inner organizational efficiency by means of intellectual capital is a question of survival edge for most of the large companies of emerging markets. Multidirectional trends of the development of BRIC economies played a significant role in this discussion and the issue became more complicated under the pressure of the crisis. Notwithstanding BRIC countries can be regarded as leaders of so‑called developing economies. In terms of the downturn, however, the problem of the crisis should not be overstated: due to the cyclical changes of the world economy the stagnation will be rearranged by upturn sooner or later, however the accumulation of intellectual capital is the over time process. Intellectual capital of the company and its components can be regarded as "latent reserves" of the long term value growth. Intellectual capital is the "intangible safety‑cushion" and it can be used only by those companies who have created it years before and therefore have focused on sustainable development. The research of intellectual capital components and its role in value creation and building competitive advantage can remain an actual topic for empirical investigations, carried out in various countries and by different research centers. The intellectual value of a company is a part of the total value, created through the process of the intellectual components' accumulation. The main goal of this research is to evaluate by means of the panel data analysis the influence of particular components of intellectual capital on the intellectual value of BRIC companies. The process of intellectual capital accumulation is over time and it can be measured according to the long run panel data analysis not less than 5 years. The panel data analysis revealed that the human capital can be considered the key factor of the long‑term growth of BRIC companies of all industries. Employees and their competencies are this basis which is undervalued currently whereas most of financial assets lost trust and its value. However, specified directions of internal reserves audit and discussion of the Intellectual value on the emerging markets are very close to the fact that large BRIC companies depend a lot on the specific features of the infrastructure of each developing country. India and Russia are countries with the industrial potential, which is not fully realized, e.g. a lot of Russian companies are underinvested with unbalanced development strategies. Decrepit and out‑of‑date production facilities, in turn capital expenditures are a matter of great importance. The capital expenditures together with innovative managers and management techniques tend to be the leverage, which can push these companies towards intensive development, especially Russian companies.

 

Keywords: intellectual capital, human capital, stakeholders, growth drivers, sustainable competitive advantage, value, intellectual value, financial crisis, BRIC, developing countries, emerging markets

 

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Journal Article

Intellectual Capital Disclosures: the Search for a new Paradigm in Financial Reporting by the Knowledge Sector of Indian Economy  pp575-582

Mahesh Joshi, Dharminder Singh Ubha

© Jan 2010 Volume 7 Issue 5, Editor: Kimiz Dalkir, pp535 - 662

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Abstract

In a rapidly changing world evidenced by a transition from industrial to knowledge economy, India's progressing knowledge sector has attracted the attention of the entire globe. The future drivers of any economy will no longer be capital, land or equipment; but the people and their knowledge. Indian corporate sector, now, is in search of a new paradigm in accounting, which would enable it to record its new journey from financial capital to intellectual capital. With this background in mind, the study of 15 leading Indian Information Technology companies, considered to be highly knowledge intensive, is undertaken in order to find out the disclosure level of recording and reporting of intellectual capital by these companies. An effort has been made in this paper to identify the meaning and significance of intellectual capital and to evaluate the prevailing practices of recording and reporting of intellectual capital by the Information Technology sector in India by using the content analysis method. The results of the study demonstrate that intellectual capital reporting in the Indian Information Technology companies are almost negligible and it is evident that intellectual capital reporting has not received any preference or priority for the mentors of the Indian corporations.

 

Keywords: intellectual capital, knowledge capital, indian economy, information technology sector, human capital

 

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Journal Article

Developing and Implementing Strategies to Enhance Intellectual Capital in the Online Learning Environment  pp211-220

Bob Barrett

© Sep 2011 Volume 9 Issue 3, ECIC 2011, Editor: Geoff Turner and Clemente Minonne, pp181 - 295

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Abstract

The online learning environment has become a highly competitive industry in which many stakeholders have become more interested and involved in its overall operation. One particular area that most stakeholders will agree upon is the value of human capital in this industry. Stewart (1997) classified Intellectual Capital into three key areas: human capital, structural capital, and customer capital. This paper will focus on the human capital element in the online learning environment. Human capital is explained as the capabilities of the companys employees necessary to provide solutions to customers, to innovate and to renew. As a result of changing technology and economic times, many organizations are realizing the need to update, innovate, and rejuvenate. InCaS (2010) noted that As a result of constant changes caused by globalisation, emerging technologies and shorter product life‑cycles, knowledge and innovation have already become the main competitive advantages of many companies. Especially Europ ean small and medium‑sized enterprises (SME) are highly dependent on the ability to identify changes in their global economic environment quickly and respond to these changes with suitable solutions.Ž (p. 4) Just liked their European counterparts, American enterprises and organizations are scanning their environments and focusing on responding to potential changes in order to capture and maintain their market share and prepare for the future. In additional in individual capabilities, human capital inc ludes the dynamics of an intelligent (learning) organization in a changing competitive environment, its creativity, and innovativenessŽ (Stewart, 1997, p. 13). Thus, there has been an increase in the focus as to how online learning providers are investing more money and time in preparing their online instructional staff. Sokolowska (2006) commented that if we look at learning organizations we can see two types of trends. She stated that such organizations are understood in dynamic organizational categories that are oriented at their development, searches for new chances on the market and continually increases their effectiveness, efficiency and flexibility. The second group of learning organizations consists of such entities that choose growth through development of their employees.Ž (p. 158) This paper examines the online learning environment, requirements for the online instructional staff, and strategies to help better prepare and develop their intellectual capital in this particular learning environment. Further, this paper will examine how these strategies are reinforced by the commitment of the educational institution in terms of preparing their online instructors, as well as mentoring them along the way.

 

Keywords: online learning, human capital, intellectual capital, teacher training, eLearning

 

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Journal Article

Intellectual Capital, trust, cultural traits and reputation in the Romanian education system  pp223-235

Marta-Christina Suciu, Luciana Picioruş, Cosmin Ionuţ Imbrişcă

© Jul 2012 Volume 10 Issue 3, ECIC 2012, Editor: John Dumay, pp208 - 278

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Abstract

The contemporary approach to the concept of intellectual capital has transformed. The three components (human, relational and organizational capital) are not enough to reflect reality, as the static perspective was replaced by an integrative vision: i ntangible resources, actions and process that contribute to sustainable competitive advantage. However, this theoretical division provides solid ground for explaining the close bond between trust, cultural identity and cooperation, soft concepts, and in tellectual capital in knowledge‑based organizations. Therefore, we consider it is of high interest to identify the nature of the relational and organizational capital, and trust association. Is it first trust and then the two intellectual capital componen ts, or the other way around? Also, we can take one step further and consider the intellectual capital formation process and architectural scheme behind it. This paper aims firstly at offering a theoretical framework for the liaisons between the concepts p reviously mentioned and intellectual capital, underlying specific characteristics for the Romanian educational system, especially for tertiary /higher education. The second objective is to provide new research directions, comparing the findings with situa tions of other cultures, like Japan and USA. The research methodology comprises a thorough literature review of scientific studies and of the 2011 National Romanian Education Law. It focuses on the changes and challenges for the intellectual capital forma tion phase. Also, it involves an empirical investigation of an evaluation of the current intellectual capital formation route. The research instrument is a questionnaire, collecting information for both quantitative and qualitative research purposes. The findings of this paper seek to identify the structure and dynamics of the intellectual capital formation process in the Romanian higher education system. As well, we hope to lead to concrete solutions for improving general dynamics, and acknowledgment of trust, cooperation and cultural aspects as corner stones in education intellectual capital formation area.

 

Keywords: Intellectual Capital, trust, cooperation, education, organizational culture, human capital, sustainable competitive advantage.

 

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Journal Article

Intellectual Capital and Innovation: A Case Study of a Public Healthcare organisation in Europe  pp361-372

Helena Santos-Rodrigues

© Nov 2013 Volume 11 Issue 4, ECIC 2013, Editor: Lidia Garcia Zambrano, pp280 - 386

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Abstract

Abstract: This research study focuses on innovation and the Human, Structural, and Relational components of Intellectual Capital, using Santos‑Rodrigues et al. (2011) research proposal as a framework. It aims to investigate the influence of Intellectua l Capital on a public Healthcare organisations capability for innovation. Sixty five of the sixty eight questionnaires administered to hospital managers and leaders between July and August of 2011, were used in the research. The study suggests that a rel ationship exists between the incentives to innovate (a dimension of Human Capital) and the innovation created, with trust being the only Structural Capital dimension related with the innovation adopted. It was found that networks and alliances (a dime nsion of Relational Capital), is the only dimension simultaneously related with the innovation created and adopted constructs, hence, Relational Capital being the only Intellectual Capital construct related simultaneously with both innovation creation an d adoption. The research further suggests that there is a direct relation between Human Capital and innovation, principally with the innovation created. The Structural Capital construct was found to be partly related with the Innovation Adoption construct .

 

Keywords: Keywords: Intellectual Capital, Innovativeness, Healthcare, Human Capital, Structural Capital, Relational Capital

 

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