The Electronic Journal of Knowledge Management publishes original articles on topics relevant to studying, implementing, measuring and managing knowledge management and intellectual capital.

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Information about the European Conference on Intangibles and Intellectual Capital (ECIIC) is available here
 

Journal Article

The Success of Virtual Communities of Practice: The Leadership Factor  pp23-34

Anne Bourhis, Line Dubé, Réal Jacob

© Jul 2005 Volume 3 Issue 1, Editor: Charles Despres, pp1 - 64

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Abstract

Contrary to the "one‑fits‑all" approach used in the literature on how to sustain virtual communities of practice (VCoPs), this paper advocates that successful management practices should be contingent upon their basic characteristics. More specifically, this study of eight virtual communities of practice investigates how the actions taken by the communities' leadership teams may influence their success. The results show that decisions regarding the operational leadership of a VCoP are crucial elements to counteract the challenges arising from its structuring characteristics. Among those decisions, the choice and availability of a leader and the support of a coach are shown to be crucial.

 

Keywords: Virtual community of practice, virtual group, leadership, knowledge sharing, organizational learning

 

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Journal Article

The Ambiguous Relationship of Leadership and Intellectual Capital: Understanding how Intellectual Capital is Developed  pp35-44

Author Name

© Jul 2005 Volume 3 Issue 1, Editor: Charles Despres, pp1 - 64

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Abstract

Intellectual Management deals with these interactions between all resources, tangible and intangible to create maximum value. Leadership plays an important role when turning knowledge within an organization into Intellectual Capital. Therefore it is of major interest to consider and evaluate the relationship as well as possible synergies between Intellectual Capital and Leadership to improve organizational processes and performance.

 

Keywords: Knowledge, Intellectual Management, Leadership, Organizational Processes, Measurement

 

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Journal Article

Leadership Imperatives of the Information Age  pp219-226

Norman Crane, Cathryn Downes, Philip Irish, Irving Lachow, Mary McCully

© Jun 2009 Volume 7 Issue 2, ICICKM 2008, Editor: Kevin O'Sullivan, pp199 - 296

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Abstract

Information is becoming the engine, resource, and commodity that drives the economy and social institutions, as well as our personal and professional lives. Because we are living in a unique period of human history, we may not appreciate the scope, speed, and impact of Information Age change. Framing six characteristics of the Information Age, this paper suggests resulting imperatives for leaders who must create and lead Information Age organizations. They must leverage human and other resources, and solve today's complex and wicked problems to achieve organizational and cross‑boundary goals. Global engagement, no longer limited by time or space, is enabled by worldwide information communication and technology networks that are instant, non‑hierarchical, and dynamic. Smaller devices, tagging, and the integration of media and sources foster communication, collaboration, and innovation, along with new expectations for ourselves and others to be "always on" and responsive. In this dense information environment leaders face the danger of heightened decision uncertainty in a sea of meaningless, fragmented but apparently inter‑connected data. Increasingly complex, chaotic, fragmented, interdependent wicked problems require new cross‑boundary perspectives and deeper understanding. In the Information Age solo action focused on control of resources is giving way for former competitors to create win‑win partnerships. Dynamic human networks are replacing, complementing, and competing with hierarchical organizations as powerful systems for communicating, sharing, and organizing. The authors, faculty members at a U.S. Government graduate institution, explore the essential elements of the Information Age and their imperatives for leaders, especially government leaders, who can create and lead organizations in this new environment.

 

Keywords: Information age, leadership, wicked problems, human networks, globalization, technology

 

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Journal Article

Trust as Intangible Asset ‑ Enabling Intellectual Capital Development by Leadership for Vitality and Innovativeness  pp244-255

Taina Savolainen, Palmira Lopez-Fresno

© Jul 2013 Volume 11 Issue 3, ICICKM 2012, Editor: Fernando Chaparro Osorio, pp185 - 279

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Abstract

Abstract: Trust has become an essential intangible asset in organizations and leadership. Trust promotes social order and cooperation in workplace relationships. It is a resource that creates vitality and enables innovativeness. The paper discusses and examines the highly timely topic of trust from the human intellectual capital (HIC) perspective. More specifically, the focus is on the role trust plays in renewing intellectual capital by leadership. In the paper, trust is viewed in a relational context describing the positive expectations of a respectful human behaviour. Originality of the paper is based on the two ideas of both theoretical and practical significance. First, exploring and conceptualizing trust as intangible asset, resource and skill in organizations. Second, examining how trust in leadership enables HIC development and how it affects. The paper provides a novel view into managing intangibles, since trust as intellectual resource and a leadership skill in relation to HIC development have hardly been examined integrated. The main point highlights the importance of leadership by trust in enabling the growth and utilization of HIC. The paper advocates the idea that, in managing knowledge, it is important to increase understanding of the interaction among different aspects of KM. The value intangible assets, such as trust, add to human resource development (HRD) is multiple and still poorly understood. The paper presents also two real life case studies of how leadership by trust enables vitality and innovativeness in organizations. The case studies examine the sharing of tacit knowledge and co‑creation with customers.

 

Keywords: human intellectual capital, innovativeness, intangible assets, leadership, trust, vitality

 

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Journal Article

Blueprinting a Knowledge Sciences Center to Support a Regional Economy  pp88-100

Denise A. D. Bedford, John Lewis, Brian Moon

© Jun 2015 Volume 13 Issue 1, Editor: Meliha Handzic and John Dumay, pp1 - 100

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Abstract

Abstract. As cities and regions transform from an industrial to a knowledge economy, there is a need to build new working relationships among academic, business communities, labor and workforce, civil society, and the technology sector … to create Knowle dge Cities. A Knowledge City values all kinds of knowledge, is grounded in an economy that runs on knowledge and intellectual capital, and encourages knowledge markets and transactions. The 21st century knowledge economy is dependent upon knowledge cities and regions, representing a major shift from the industrial economy. Transforming an industrial city to a Knowledge City is not a trivial task. It requires that all members of the society make the transition together. Currently, there are no institutio ns that can facilitate this role. This paper considers how a Knowledge Sciences Center might fulfill that role, and reports on the thoughts of over 200 participants of the Knowledge Sciences Symposium held in Canton, Ohio, and Washington DC in 2013. The paper also references recent initiatives to establish Knowledge Sciences Centers in the Eastern and Midwest regions of the United States. The role of a transformational leader in establishing a Center is also highlighted.

 

Keywords: Keywords: Knowledge sciences center, transformational leadership, use cases, knowledge communities, knowledge economy, economic transformation, Knowledge Sciences Symposium

 

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Journal Article

The Determinants of Knowledge‑based Economy Development at a National Level: A Conceptual Model driven from KBE Theoretical Paradox and Advanced Practices  pp193-206

Sara A. Al-Maadeed, Vishanth Weerakkody

© Dec 2016 Volume 14 Issue 4, Intellectual Capital at a Crossroad, Editor: Maurizio Massaro, Andrea Garlatti, pp191 - 255

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Abstract

Abstract: Knowledge‑based economy has recently gained an increasing attention in developed countries, however, understanding the main determinants of KBE development at a national level appeared to be neglected. Therefore, this paper tends to develop a conceptual model that addresses the main determinants of KBE development at a national level in which could accelerates the growth of national asset value and leads to national competitive position. Therefore, a systematic literature review was conducted to learn from advanced economies’ practices in KBE development and highlight KBE main pillars, drivers, and process of KBE function. The review reveals that :(A) development of human capital and maintaining the value of knowledge asset are the ultimate function(s) of KBE, (B) Learning, education, ICT and innovation are the main pillars of KBE, (C) knowledge management is the process underpinning KBE function, and (D) beliefs and intentions are the main endogenous drivers of individual’s commitment to KBE ultimate functions. The findings show that the determinants of KBE development at a national level are: (1) the consideration of KBE characteristics, (2) the consideration of country position, and (3) the consideration of effective knowledge management process that acknowledges KBE function(s), however the cognitive leadership is the enabler to achieve KBE ultimate function via its main determinants. The conceptual model proposed in this paper outlines KBE main determinants and enabler to guide practitioners and decision makers in developing KBE framework at a national level.

 

Keywords: Knowledge-based Economy Model, Knowledge-based Economy Main Determinants, Enabler, Sweden, Finland, Denmark, Strategic Management, Knowledge Management, Cognitive Leadership, Knowledge based economy’s theoretical paradox.

 

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Journal Article

Transformational and Transactional Leadership Predictors of the 'Stimulant' Determinants to Creativity in Organisational Work Environments  pp23-34

John D. Politis

© Apr 2005 Volume 2 Issue 2, Editor: Charles Despres, pp1 - 44

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Abstract

This paper examines the relationship between the leadership dimensions associated with Bass's (1985) model, and the 'stimulant' and 'obstacle' determinants of the work environment for creativity. There are three major findings in this research. First, the relationship between transformational and transactional leadership and the 'stimulant' determinants of the work environment for creativity is significant and positive. Second, the 'obstacle' determinants of the work environment for creativity are negatively related with both transactional and transformational leadership. Finally, transformational leadership is more strongly correlated than transactional leadership with the 'stimulant' determinants of the work environment for creativity. Thus, transformational leadership is an increasingly important aspect in today's organisations in creating a corporate culture and the work environment that stimulates employees' creativity and innovation.

 

Keywords: creative work environment, innovation, knowledge management, organisational creativity, transformational and transactional leadership

 

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Journal Article

Exploring the Role of Boundary Spanning in Distributed Networks of Knowledge  pp121-130

Eli Hustad, Aurilla Aurelie Bechina

© Mar 2012 Volume 10 Issue 2, ICICKM 2011, Editor: Vincent Ribière, pp110 - 207

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Abstract

Knowledge sharing and creation are considered key processes leading to innovation and organizational performance. Several organizational initiatives have focused on building communities of practice in order to create a platform where employees can share experiences and insights. The focus in this paper is on one type of network structure, termed distributed networks of knowledge (DNoK). The success of such practices is deeply linked to whether or not formalization of the networks can hamper their knowledge creation and creativity. The role of leadership has been extensively discussed in the setting of communities of practice. However, this paper intends to shed new light on the topic by exploring the boundary management perspective in order to enable knowledge sharing and creation within this specific context of DNoK. To this end, we have examined the role of leadership styles in different DNoKs in a multinational firm.

 

Keywords: leadership style, distributed networks of knowledge, communities of practice, knowledge creation, boundary spanning role, boundary management

 

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