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Journal Article

To shape practice act on theories  pp11-22

Matteo Bonifacio, Chiara Zini

© Jul 2005 Volume 3 Issue 1, Editor: Charles Despres, pp1 - 64

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Practice based studies have provided rich descriptions of knowledge dynamics. On the other hand, they led to conceptualizations that question the possibility to view knowledge as a resource that can be oriented and shaped by managers. From this perspective, questions such as why an existing community has developed, or how to enable the emergence of a new community, are still unanswered. Such weaknesses are rooted in a tendency to ignore the cognitive motivations (theories) that lead actors to behave in a particular way. As a consequence, we propose that social practice can be explained as the outcome of interlocking cognitive theories and, moreover, that to shape practice, we need to act on theories.


Keywords: communities of practice, situated learning, cognition, knowledge management, organizational learning, theory of action


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