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Journal Article

In Search of the Golden Mean: The Ambivalence of Knowledge Explication  pp340-352

Georg Hans Neuweg, Stefan Fothe

© Dec 2011 Volume 9 Issue 4, Editor: Geoff Turner, pp297 - 364

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Abstract

Knowledge Management (KM) tends to regard the explication of knowledge as thoroughly positive. In this paper, we argue that this attitude rests on misconceptions regarding the nature of implicit knowledge and knowledge explication. Rather than following undifferentiated imperatives to maximise the amount of explicit knowledge, practitioners of KM are better off considering the ambivalent effects of knowledge explication. For this purpose, we suggest applying the Tacit Knowing View (Neuweg, 2004) and C ontingency Theory to the problem of determining the right level of explication. The paper is divided into four parts. In the first part we trace KMs need for the explication and formalisation of knowledge. In the second part, we address theoretical misco nceptions. First, we apply Ryles finding that sloppy language use may lead to illegitimate assumptions toward explication. Secondly, we argue that, albeit superficial references to the work of Polanyi can be found throughout KM, actual epistemological po sitions rather seem to follow Popper. In the third part, we systematise limitations, problems, and side effects of explication. In the fourth part, we suggest the heuristic concept of explication optima as a framework for developing KM activities.

 

Keywords: tacit knowing, implicit knowledge, know-how, knowledge management, knowledge explication, knowledge elicitation, explication optimum, contingency theory, Michael Polanyi, Gilbert Ryle

 

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Journal Article

In Search for a Theoretically Firmer Epistemological Foundation for the Relationship Between Tacit and Explicit Knowledge  pp118-126

Ilkka Virtanen

© May 2013 Volume 11 Issue 2, Editor: Ken Grant, pp116 - 182

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Abstract

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Keywords: epistemology, explication, explicit knowledge, Polanyi, tacit knowledge, theory of knowledge

 

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Journal Article

Tacit Knowledge Revisited — We Can Still Learn from Polanyi  pp173-180

Kenneth A. Grant

© May 2007 Volume 5 Issue 2, ICICKM 2006, Editor: Dan Remenyi, pp131 - 254

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Abstract

The field of knowledge management is still relatively new, with all but a few of its related papers and books published during the last 15 years or so. However, one of the most cited sources is a much earlier work on the topic of tacit and explicit knowledge, by Michael Polanyi (1958 and 1966). An examination of some 60 papers from three major knowledge management journals demonstrates that Polanyi's work has frequently been misinterpreted by some authors and further suggests that, in some cases, the citing authors may not have read the cited work. Further, this has led to misinterpretation of Polanyi's work in ways that have affected wider issues in knowledge management. Polanyi's work is still relevant today and a closer examination of his theory that all knowledge has personal and tacit elements, such that knowledge cannot be made fully explicit, can be used to both support and refute a variety of widely held approaches to knowledge management. In particular, it raises issue about the continued efforts to make knowledge explicit through the use of information systems, without consideration of wider social issues, as well as refuting those who use the issue of tacit knowledge to dismiss the field of knowledge management as a misguided concept. It provides support for more recent work on next generation knowledge management.

 

Keywords: Polanyi, Nonaka, tacit, explicit, next generation KM

 

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Journal Issue

Volume 11 Issue 2 / May 2013  pp116‑182

Editor: Ken Grant

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Editorial

This general edition of EJKM is a selection of Papers submitted to EJKM over the past months.

 

Keywords: external knowledge, incident report, experience-based, data collection, incident, acquiring knowledge, knowledge search, external knowledge search, knowledge acquisition, open innovation, exploitation, exploration, epistemology, explication, explicit knowledge, Polanyi, tacit knowledge, theory of knowledge,

 

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