The Electronic Journal of Knowledge Management aims to publish perspectives on topics relevant to the study, implementation and management of knowledge management
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Information about the European Conference on Knowledge Management (ECKM) is available here.

For info on the International Conference on Intellectual Capital, Knowledge Management and Organisational Learning (ICICKM), click here
Information about the European Conference on Intellectual Capital (ECIC) is available here
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Journal Issue
Volume 7 Issue 1, ECKM 2008 / Apr 2009  pp1‑198

Editor: Roy Williams

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Knowledge Management Paradoxes  pp1‑10

Jan Aidemark

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Firms as Connected, Temporary Coalitions: Organisational Forms and the Exploitation of Intellectual Capital  pp11‑20

Sandra Begley, Michael J Taylor, John R Bryson

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Intellectual Capital and IFRS3: A New Disclosure Opportunity  pp21‑30

Daniel Brännström, Marco Giuliani

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Business Benefits of Non‑Managed Knowledge  pp31‑40

Sinead Devane, Julian Wilson

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Predicting the Influence of Network Structure on Trust in Knowledge Communities: Addressing the Interconnectedness of Four Network Principles and Trust  pp41‑54

M. Max Evans, Anthony K.P. Wensley

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Collaborative Development of Knowledge Representations — a Novel Approach to Knowledge Elicitation and Transfer  pp55‑62

Alexeis Garcia-Perez, Robert Ayres

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The Gatekeepers' Intervention in Innovation and Technological Transfer  pp63‑76

Deogratias Harorimana

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How to Improve Your Knowledge Intensive Organisation: Implementing a Knowledge Management Scan Within Public and Private Sector Organisations  pp77‑86

Hans Koolmees, Henk Smeijsters, Sylvia Schoenmakers

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Model to Support Patent Retrieval in the Context of Innovation‑Processes by Means of Dialogue and Information Visualisation  pp87‑98

Paul Landwich, Tobias Vogel, Claus-Peter Klas, Matthias Hemmje

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Dynamic Knowledge and Healthcare Knowledge Ecosystems  pp99‑110

Virginia Maracine, Emil Scarlat

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InCaS: Intellectual Capital Management in European SME — Its Strategic Relevance and the Importance of its Certification  pp111‑122

Kai Mertins, Wen-Huan Wang, Markus Will

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Uncovering a KMSD Approach from Practice  pp123‑134

Aboubakr A. Moteleb, Mark Woodman

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Value, Kaizen and Knowledge Management: Developing a Knowledge Management Strategy for Southampton Solent University  pp135‑144

S J Rees, H Protheroe

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The Concept of Knowledge in KM: a Relational Model  pp145‑154

Colin Reilly

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The Socratic Dialogue in the Work Place: Theory and Practice  pp155‑164

Dan Remenyi, Paul Griffiths

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Social Networking and the Transfer of Knowledge  pp165‑178

Graeme Smith

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Balancing Learning and Efficiency Crossing Practices and Projects in Project‑based Organisations: Organisational Issues. The Case History of "Practice Groups" in a Consulting Firm  pp179‑190

Saverino Verteramo, Monica De Carolis

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Abstract

Project‑based organizations have received increasing attention in recent years as an emerging organizational form to integrate diverse and specialized intellectual resources and expertise. A typical problem of these structures is the difficulty in sharing knowledge in and across projects. Besides, project teams are temporary and therefore much learning may be lost when they disband. Very often the storage of lessons learned is not effective; the databases are not widely used and the people are too engaged in their projects to share knowledge or help other people cope with similar problems. The inherent contradiction between organizing for meeting short‑term, project task objectives, and the longer‑term developmental nature of organizational learning processes asks for innovative organizational solutions. How can a project‑based organization be simultaneously oriented to project‑outputs and learning? The processes of knowledge capture, transfer and learning in project settings rely heavily upon social patterns and processes. This situation emphasizes the value of considering a community‑based approach to managing knowledge. Several authors suggest adding a new "dimension" (a "home" for learning, integration and development of specializedtechnical competencies) following a "Crossing‑approach" that leads to design organizational solutions in which project teams (focused on their strengths: outputs, processes or market segments) and learning groups, like CoPs, coexist. The aim of the paper is to investigate the critical points in designing and implementing these innovative organizational solutions (e.g. group design, reward system, participation modes, support mechanisms, formalization degree) that are difficult to manage and little investigated in the literature. We conducted an in depth case study research of an Italian IT Consulting firm: VP Tech. This analyzed firm introduced a particular kind of CoPs called "Practice Groups" (PGs) in a typical project‑based organizational structure. The Practices are knowledge domains (expertises) transversal to the projects or market areas. VP senior executives chose the main strategic practices to be developed and decided to aggregate the main internal experts (PGs) around these knowledge domains. The goals of PGs are to strengthen and diffuse the knowledge developed during previous projects, to monitor the state of the art, and to support professional training and problem solving for people involved in the projects. In VP Tech, PGs represent a: network in which specifically useful information can be found; learning locus in which professional competencies can be improved; social network in which both knowledge exploitation and exploration take place. The conducted case study shows: the different phases and "crisis" in implementing this organizational solution; the specific and innovative mix between formal and informal organizational levers adopted; the circular and virtuous relation between projects and practices. 

 

Keywords: project-based organization, communities of practice, knowledge sharing, groups design

 

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Dear Diary: Recommendations for Researching Knowledge Transfer of the Complex  pp191‑198

Carol Webb

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